The Finance Minister, Ken Ofori-Atta has indicated that, the Ghanaian currency has fallen in value by 53.8% against major international currencies like the US dollar and Euros, since the beginning of 2022.
Mr. Ken Ofori-Atta blamed the demand for foreign exchange as one of the reasons for the decline in value of the Ghana cedi.
“The demand for foreign exchange to support our unbridled demand for imports undermines and weakens the value of the cedi. This contributed to the depreciation of the Cedi which has lost about 53.8% of its value since the beginning of this year, compared to the average 7% annual depreciation of the Cedi between 2017 and 2021.”Mr. Ken Ofori Attah
According to Ken Ofori-Attah, the Central Bank of Ghana will continue to monitor the average increase in the price level of goods and services, and as well come up with strategies and developments to respond appropriately to contain price pressures.
The Monetary Policy Committee will work best in coming up with monetary policy rate that will help curb the issues relating to Inflationary pressures.
The Finance Minister also elaborated on the fact that, the external sector performance in the outlook will depend largely on the quick resolution of the Russia–Ukraine war and the outcome of recession fears in advanced economies.
The thrust of the external sector will focus on rebuilding external buffers enough to cover at least three and half months of imports of goods and services to cushion the economy against adverse external shocks. This will be underpinned by, among others, bilateral support, and strong remittance inflows, Mr. Ken Ofori Atta added.
SIGNIFICANT INCREASE IN GHANA’S PUBLIC DEBT
According to the finance minister, there has been a drastic increase in debt stock of Ghana to GH¢93 billion this year alone due to the fall in value of the Ghana cedi.
“Mr. Speaker, provisional debt data as at the end of September 2022 shows a significant increase in Ghana’s public debt largely due to exogenous factors. The end–September 2022 provisional figures indicate that total gross public debt stood at GH¢467,371.31 million (US$48,871.34 million), representing approximately 75.9 percent of GDP.”Ken Ofori-Atta, Minister Of Finance
Ken Ofori Atta explained that, the domestic debt component is GH¢195,657.60 million, which is 31.79 percent of GDP, whilst external debt is GH¢271,713.71 million, representing 44.15 percent of GDP.
The increase in the domestic debt is largely on account of rising interest costs. Domestic debt as a share of total public debt reduced from 51.6 percent in 2021 to 41.9 percent as at end of September 2022, he added.
“Mr. Speaker, the external debt as a percentage of the total debt stock is 58.1 percent as at end of September 2022. The sharp growth in the external debt stock is largely driven by the depreciation of the local currency. The depreciation of the Ghana cedi added GH¢93,855.15 million to the external debt stock.”Ken Ofori-Atta, Minister Of Finance