A report from the European Academies Science Advisory Council (EASAC) has advised that a move to regenerative agriculture should be prioritized throughout the implementation of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).
Scientists from the council say that restoring biodiversity in soils through regenerative agricultural practices can dramatically increase its ability to store carbon and help to mitigate the effects of climate change.
This, combined with the fact that it will still be possible to produce sufficient food output for a growing population, is why a move to these regenerative practices should be a priority. The EASAC indicates in its report: ‘Regenerative Agriculture in Europe’.
“If we want to preserve biodiversity, expand food production, and at the same time fight climate change, there is no alternative to regenerative agriculture,” said Orsolya Valko of Hungary’s Institute of Ecology and Botany.
The report outlines that large-scale, conventional methods used in the agricultural sector today have a negative impact soils, eroding them and causing flora, fauna loss.
According to the report, restoring the nutrients and biodiversity within these soils are vital, adding that it can dramatically increase their capacity to capture and store carbon, removing it from the atmosphere and lowering the planet’s emissions.
Prof. Thomas Elmqvist, one of the lead authors of EASAC’s report said: “Transforming agriculture is the planet’s greatest untapped treasure for coping with the climate crisis.”
The council is now urging EU states to prioritize a transformation to regenerative agricultural practices when implementing the CAP. “We have maybe a decade for a massive transformation,” Elmqvist said.
Regenerative agriculture approach
A regenerative agriculture approach aims for a limited and more targeted use of breeding technology, mineral fertilizer, or pesticides, and tilling, according to the EASAC.
Transitioning to regenerative farming methods would involve more diversification within and among crops as well as the introduction of permanent and perennial crops, which do not need to be replanted every year, saving resources and protecting the soil from erosion.
Expanding agroforestry and intercropping, and keeping green plant cover on all farm fields during all seasons are also encompassed within the practice.
“There seems to be a belief that regenerative agriculture can only be applied at small scale, adding that making any changes to current industrial farming practices will make it impossible to feed a growing world population,” Professor Elmqvist commented.
“We can only protect the scale of food production by moving away from only emphasizing the quantity of agricultural production to more quality and nutritional value of agricultural products,” he added..
The EASAC has welcomed the EU’s Biodiversity and Farm to Fork strategies but is calling for governments to do more in implementing regenerative agricultural policies.
“We need sharp policies and sharp economic instruments. Financial schemes should also benefit communities and associations of farmers managing landscapes in a coordinated way,” concluded Elmqvist.